To highlight tangible NGO achievements in the field of drug control, with particular emphasis on contributions to the Action Plan such as achievement in policy, community engagement, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and social-reintegration. A first, overarching, conclusion - confirmed by data and interviews in all the different case study cities - is that in spite of growing interest in evaluation, there is still a lack of reliable evidence on the impact of NGO development projects and programmes." Through its health intervention it has appreciably improved the health status of its target group on indicators pertaining to infant mortality, maternal mortality, child mortality, incidence of malnutrition. Particularly sustainable gains at the community level have been the creation of a pool of trained TBAs capable of conducting safe deliveries and that of health promoters with skills of ante-natal and post natal check up and diagnostic abilities for addressing minor ailments occurring in the community. Attitudinal and behavioural change as reflected in improved dietary practices and the wide scale adoption of ORS as a response to diarrhoeal outbreak have been the other notable gains.