A. We have been conducting a programme on training core groups of middle-school students in biodiversity conservation in West Bengal since 2004. The Project 1. A Core Group of 25 students of Class 7/ Class 8 and 2 teachers are trained on biodiversity observation and recording. 2. After training the Core Groups decide on a school based project and are provided technical and networking inputs by the ASED team. 3. They spread the message of conservation among other students, teachers and community. Methods of training: Slide illustrated talk, nature games, local field trip, visit to a Biodiversity Hotspot, booklet on Biodiversity of West Bengal. Achievements: 1. Presently working with 4 schools in Kolkata, 1 school in Howrah and 2 schools in Durgapur. Project duration is 18 months and work commenced from January 2009. 2.Approximately 700 middle school students have been trained in biodiversity recording and biodiversity conservation since 2004. 3. School projects on: Ø Survey on the status of the endangered Water Monitor (Varanus salvator) lizard in the locality of the school and campaign to preserve its habitat Ø Local plant biodiversity study, planting and/or maintaining a garden including medicinal plants in the school campus Ø Awareness campaign among the local people about biodiversity protection 3. Networking among the schools, the Forest Department and NGOs working on urban biodiversity conservation. 4. Advocacy Saving the home of the Water Monitor Lizard The survey conducted by Sarangabad Jajneswari Pathsala Girl’s High School revealed that the habitat of the Water Monitor is under threat from a large private housing project and a Government Sports Complex. This has been brought to the attention of the Department of Environment and they have issued a directive to protect the water monitor habitat while conducting the projects. B. Poverty Reduction and Food Security through People’s Participation in Biodiversity Conservation and Enhancement in Nandanpur Gram Panchayat, Gangarampur Block in Dakshin Dinajpur, West Bengal under the West Bengal Civil Society Support Programme managed by PRIA and supported by DFID. The project is working on creating awareness about biodiversity conservation and enhancement as well as establishing a process of biodiversity recording and linkage with livelihoods with the people of Nandanpur Gram Panchayat. It is currently in the first phase which is from August 2008 to October 2009. We have created awareness at district level and Gram Panchayat level on biodiversity conservation and enhancement and conducted the training of Core Group of school students and teachers on biodiversity recording and orientation of Self Help Groups and Farmers’ Groups. Biodiversity recording is in progress and soon livelihood enhancement interventions will commence. C. We have conducted Biodiversity Fairs, in which schools, colleges and the general pulic have participated, in Kolkata in 2006 and in Siliguri in 2008.